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General information  

  • Real name : Eithne Patricia Ní Bhraonáín
  • Place of birth : Gweedore
  • Date of birth : 17/05/1961

Alias  

  • 'The Invisible Star' (A Estrela Invisível)'The Silver Lady'
  • Eithne Patricia Ní Bhraonáin
  • Enya Brennan

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Enya (1961)

Eithne Patricia Ní Bhraonáín

Type :  

  Summary  

Enya (born Eithne Ní Bhraonáin, , anglicized as Enya Brennan, 17 May 1961) is an Irish singer, instrumentalist and songwriter. Enya is an approximate transliteration of how Eithne is pronounced in the Donegal dialect of the Irish language, her native tongue.

She began her musical career in 1980, when she briefly joined her family band Clannad before leaving to perform solo. She gained wider recognition for her music in the 1986 BBC series The Celts. Shortly afterwards, her 1988 album Watermark propelled her to further international fame and she became known for her distinctive sound, characterised by voice-layering, folk melodies, synthesised backdrops and ethereal reverberations. She has performed in 10 languages.

She continued to enjoy steady success during the 1990s and 2000s; her 2000 album A Day Without Rain sold 15 million copies and she was named the world's best selling female artist of 2001. She is Ireland's best-selling solo musician and is officially the country's second-largest musical export after the band U2. Her album sales were more than 75 million worldwide, with over 26 million in album sales in the US. Her work has earned her four Grammy awards and an Academy Award nomination.

  Biography  

 life and career
 1961–83: Musical upbringing and Clannad
Enya was born and brought up in Gweedore , County Donegal, in the northwest corner of Ireland. She is part of an Irish-speaking and musical family, the sixth of nine children. Her grandparents were in a band that played throughout Ireland, her father was the leader of the Slieve Foy Band before opening Leo's Tavern, and her mother played in a dance band and later taught music at Pobalscoil Ghaoth Dobhair. From a young age, Enya appeared in many pantomimes onstage at Gweedore's local theatre and sang with her siblings in her mother's choir at St Mary's Catholic Church, Derrybeg. She attended Loreto Community School in Milford, County Donegal and then moved away to attend college wanting to become a classical pianist, continuing her studies in music and also studying watercolour painting.

Enya has four brothers and four sisters, several of whom formed the band An Clann As Dobhar in 1968. They renamed the band Clannad in the 1970s. In 1980, Enya worked with Clannad, the band composed of her siblings Máire , Pól, and Ciarán and twin uncles Noel and Pádraig Duggan. Enya played the keyboard and provided backing vocals on their album Crann Úll , although she was not officially a member of the group until the 1981 release Fuaim, when she appeared on the cover. During that same year, Enya was also a member of Ragairne, the band of Altan front-woman Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh. In 1982, shortly before Clannad became internationally renowned for "Theme From Harry's Game", producer and manager Nicky Ryan left the group and Enya joined him to start her own solo career. Enya then formed her own recording studio, named "Aigle", which is French for "eagle".

 1984–87: Career beginnings
Enya recorded two solo instrumental pieces called "An Ghaoth Ón Ghrian" (Irish for "The Solar Wind") and "Miss Clare Remembers" that were released on the 1984 album Touch Travel. She was first credited as Enya for writing some of the music for the 1984 movie The Frog Prince, which was released on a soundtrack album of the same title. Another early appearance on record followed in 1987, where Enya provided spoken vocals in Irish on the song "Never Get Old" on Sinéad O'Connor's debut album, The Lion and the Cobra.

Enya was contracted to provide music for the soundtrack of the 1986 BBC television documentary The Celts. The music she produced was featured on her first solo album, Enya , but it attracted little attention at the time. The B-side single "Eclipse" is actually a reversed and modified version of Enya's song "Deireadh An Tuath" from this 1987 album. The song "Boadicea", also from this album, would later be sampled by The Fugees on their single "Ready or Not" , causing a brief stir because the group neither sought permission from Enya nor gave her credit initially, and by Mario Winans, who did give her credit (the Winans track, "I Don't Wanna Know" which features a rap by P. Diddy and is officially credited to all three artists, became Enya's highest charting single in the US, when it peaked at #2 on the Hot 100 in 2004).

 1988–91: International breakthrough, Watermark, Shepherd Moons and The Memory of Trees

Enya achieved a breakthrough in her career in 1988 with the album Watermark, which featured the hit song "Orinoco Flow" (sometimes incorrectly known as "Sail Away"). "Orinoco Flow", reported to be named after Orinoco Studios , where it was conceived, topped the charts in the United Kingdom, peaked at number 2 in Germany and the Watermark album sold eleven million copies.

Enya was quoted as saying-"The success of Watermark surprised me. I never thought of music as something commercial; it was something very personal to me."

Three years later she followed with another hit album, Shepherd Moons, which sold twelve million copies and earned Enya her first Grammy Award. Shepherd Moons is also her longest charting album to date, spending 238 weeks on the Billboard 200. The songs "On Your Shore" and "Exile" and "Epona" were featured in the 1991 film L.A. Story. "Ebudae" is also featured on the soundtrack to the Robin Williams feature film Toys, while the 1990 feature film Green Card features "River", "Watermark", and "Storms In Africa". "Book Of Days" was featured prominently in the movie Far and Away, with an English-lyric version created for the film then replacing the old Irish language version on all pressings of the Shepherd Moons album from 1993 onwards. In 1993, her recording of "Marble Halls" from Shepherd Moons was featured in the Martin Scorsese film, The Age of Innocence.

 1992–99: The Celts, The Memory of Trees, and Paint the Sky with Stars
In 1992 a re-mastered version of the Enya album was released as The Celts including a longer, modified version of "Portrait", which was re-named "Portrait ".

Four years after Shepherd Moons she released The Memory of Trees , another Top Five success in both the UK and Germany, as well as her first Top 10 album in the U.S. Singles released from the album were "Anywhere Is" and "On My Way Home".


In 1997 Enya released her greatest hits collection, Paint the Sky with Stars: The Best of Enya, again a top five smash in the UK and Germany, which featured two new songs: "Paint the Sky with Stars" and "Only If..."; "Only If..." later became a single. ("Only If You Want To", is an early version of "Only If...". It appears on a promotional Japanese CD called, The Best of Enya, and does not include the French lyrics.) She was offered the chance to compose the score for James Cameron's 1997 feature film Titanic, but she declined. A 1989 recording of Enya singing "Oíche Chiúin", an Irish language version of "Silent Night", has been reissued at least twice: on The Christmas EP (which otherwise contains several non-holiday related previously issued recordings by Enya) and the 1997 edition of the charity album A Very Special Christmas.

Ansett Australia extensively used "Storms in Africa" for promotional purposes when the airline re-branded itself in the 1990s. The 1992 film Sleepwalkers features "Boadicea" as the film's signature tune.

Enya was the subject in the song "Pumping Iron for Enya" by Atom and His Package on their 1999 album Making Love.

 2000–04: A Day Without Rain
Following a five-year break Enya released the album A Day Without Rain in 2000, featuring 37 minutes of new material . The album is Enya's most successful to date, peaking at number two on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart. The first single, "Only Time", was used in the film Sweet November and received U.S. radio airplay in late 2000. In May 2001, NBC began using "Only Time" to accompany commercials for their television series Friends, which helped the song get airplay on top-40 radio.

After the 11 September 2001 attacks "Only Time" was used as a soundtrack in many radio and television reports about the attacks. Enya released a special edition of the song, and a maxi single was issued on 20 November 2001 featuring a pop mix, with proceeds donated to the families of victims. "Only Time" peaked at number 10 on the U.S. Hot 100, number 12 on the Pop Chart and hit number one on the Adult Contemporary and Hot Adult Contemporary charts. In Germany, "Only Time" re-entered the German single charts at number 1 and the album A Day Without Rain reached number one some weeks later.

Enya won the Echo Award for best selling international single in Germany of 2001, and received a nomination for best selling album.

In 2001 Enya recorded "May It Be", which was featured in the first installment of The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, Fellowship of the Ring, and was her second consecutive single to enter the German charts at number one. The video features scenes from the Peter Jackson film.

A new song called "Sumiregusa" ("Wild Violet") was based on a Japanese poem by Roma Ryan. In September 2004, the song was used in Japan as part of an advertising campaign for Panasonic. Warner Music Japan stated that Enya's next album was scheduled for release in Japan in mid-November. Enya issued a press release on her official Web site on 19 September stating that this was a mistake and no new album was immediately forthcoming.

 2005–08: Amarantine and And Winter Came
In November 2005 a new album, entitled Amarantine, was released. It reached the Top 10 in both the UK and the US, and peaked at number 3 in Germany. The album won the Grammy Award for Best New Age Album for 2007, Enya's fourth.

In 2006 Enya released several Christmas-themed CDs with newly recorded material. On 10 October 2006 Sounds of the Season: The Enya Holiday Collection was released containing six songs: the previously released "Oíche Chiúin" (a.k.a. "Silent Night") and "Amid the Falling Snow", new recordings of the standards "Adeste Fideles" (a.k.a. "Oh Come All Ye Faithful") and "We Wish You a Merry Christmas" as well as two original songs, "Christmas Secrets" and "The Magic of the Night". This CD was released only in the United States in an exclusive partnership with the NBC television network and the Target department store chain. Enya was awarded the World's Best-Selling Irish Act award at the World Music Awards in London on 19 November 2006.

In late November two new editions of Amarantine were released. In the UK it was reissued as Christmas Edit: Amarantine with a second disc containing the four new Christmas songs previously issued on Sounds of the Season (the original album already had "Amid the Falling Snow" while "Oíche Chiúin" is a recording dating back to 1988, which had already been featured on numerous collections). The U.S. received a special version of this release (Amarantine - Deluxe Collector's Edition), which also included three postcards and a copy of Roma Ryan's book Water Shows the Hidden Heart, which is referenced on the original album. Canadian fans could choose from the Special Christmas Edition of Amarantine or an EP entitled Christmas Secrets, which contained only the four new songs.

By mid-2007 Enya claimed to have sold 80 million albums. An American businessperson has coined the phrase "enyanomics" to explain Enya's ability to sell millions of records without giving any live performances.

On 29 June 2007 Enya received an honorary doctorate from the National University of Ireland, Galway. Shortly after, on 10 July 2007, Enya received a second honorary doctorate from the University of Ulster.

November 2008 saw the release of And Winter Came with a new video for the song "Trains and Winter Rains". This album follows her passion for the Christmas period. It also features guitar on the track "My! My! Time Flies!" and a chorale version of the previously released "Oíche Chiúin". She promoted the album on morning news shows and performed some songs live.

 2009–present: The Very Best of Enya and a new album
In March 2009 Warner Music Japan released Enya's first 4 albums in a new format, called SHM-CD. On 23 November 2009 Enya released a new album called The Very Best of Enya. It includes most of her hits from 1988 to 2008. In 2010, singer Rihanna sampled "One By One" on a song from her new album Loud.

In a May 2011 interview Enya's manager said that she is working on a new album and will likely tour to support it, with part of the recording taking place in Abbey Road studios in London.

 personal life
Beginning with Watermark, Enya began to attract the attention of stalkers, several of whom succeeded in breaking into her castle and attacking some of the staff. As a result, Enya spent an estimated €250,000 on security measures for her home, Manderley Castle in Killiney. In 1996, a man, who had been seen in Dublin wearing her photograph around his neck, stabbed himself after being ejected from her parents' pub in Gweedore, County Donegal.

In 2006, Enya made it to the number three spot in the ranks of wealthy Irish entertainers with an estimated fortune of €109 million (i.e., £75 million or US$165 million), and number 95 in the Sunday Times Rich List 2006 of the 250 Wealthiest Irish People.

"My influences are with Irish music, church music and classical music," she says in a 1997 interview.

In addition to performing for the Pope, the singer participated in a live broadcast on British television for Christmas Eve in 1997, before she flew home to County Donegal to join her family at midnight Mass. She still sings in her mother's choir every Christmas at midnight Mass, at St. Mary's Church.

The asteroid "6433 Enya", discovered on 18 November 1978 by A. Mrkos at Klet, is named after her.

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  Bands  

  Albums 

  Tracks  

Name Duration Released
Aníron 02:42 23/11/2009
One Toy Soldier 03:54 07/10/2008
Last Time by Moonlight 03:57 07/10/2008
Dreams are More Precious 04:25 07/10/2008
Trains and Winter Rains 03:44 07/10/2008
O come, O come, Emmanuel 03:40 07/10/2008
Oíche Chiúin 03:49 07/10/2008
White Is in the Winter Night 03:00 07/10/2008
My! My! Time Flies! 03:02 07/10/2008
Journey of the Angels 04:47 07/10/2008
The Spirit of Christmas Past 04:18 07/10/2008
And Winter Came... 03:15 07/10/2008
Stars and Midnight Blue 03:08 07/10/2008
Spaghetti Western Theme from The Celts 01:57 02/12/2005
The Comb of the Winds 03:39 02/12/2005
Less Than a Pearl 03:44 22/11/2005
A Moment Lost 03:08 22/11/2005
Someone Said Goodbye 04:02 22/11/2005
Sumiregusa 04:42 22/11/2005
Long Long Journey 03:17 22/11/2005
The River Sings 02:49 22/11/2005
If I Could Be Where You Are 04:01 22/11/2005
Water Shows the Hidden Heart 04:39 22/11/2005
It's in the Rain 04:08 22/11/2005
Amid the Falling Snow 03:38 22/11/2005
Amarantine 03:13 22/11/2005
Drifting 04:12 22/11/2005
Song of the Sandman 00:00 04/12/2001
Midnight Blue 00:00 04/12/2001
Isobella 04:27 19/02/2001
May It Be 03:31 19/02/2001
Deora Ar Mo Chroi 02:48 21/11/2000
Tempus Vernum 02:24 21/11/2000
The First of Autumn 03:10 21/11/2000
Only Time 03:38 21/11/2000
Lazy Days 03:42 21/11/2000
Wild Child 03:47 21/11/2000
One By One 03:56 21/11/2000
A Day Without Rain 02:38 21/11/2000
Pilgrim 03:12 21/11/2000
Silver Inches 01:37 21/11/2000
Fallen Embers 02:31 21/11/2000
Flora's Secret 04:07 21/11/2000
Paint the Sky with Stars 04:15 11/11/1997
Only If... 03:19 11/11/1997
Ebudae 01:52 1997
I May Not Awaken 04:26 1996
Eclipse 01:34 1996
Anywhere Is 03:58 1995
La Soñadora 03:35 1995
The Memory of Trees 04:18 1995
Once You Had Gold 03:16 1995
Tea-House Moon 02:41 1995
Hope Has a Place 04:44 1995
China Roses 04:47 1995
From Where I Am 02:20 1995
Athair Ar Neamh 03:39 1995
Pax Deorum 04:58 1995
On My Way Home 05:08 1995
To Go Beyond 01:20 11/1992
Book of Days 02:32 04/11/1991
No Holly for Miss Quinn 02:40 04/11/1991
Angeles 03:57 04/11/1991
Ebudæ 01:54 04/11/1991
Smaointe... 06:07 04/11/1991
How Can I Keep from Singing? 04:23 04/11/1991
Afer Ventus 04:05 04/11/1991
Caribbean Blue 03:58 04/11/1991
Marble Halls 03:53 04/11/1991
Lothlórien 02:08 04/11/1991
Shepherd Moons 03:42 04/11/1991
Evacuee 03:50 04/11/1991
Out of the Blue 03:10 1988
On Your Shore 03:59 19/09/1987
Na Laetha Geal M'Óige 03:54 19/09/1987
Cursum Perficio 04:06 19/09/1987
The Longships 03:36 19/09/1987
Watermark 02:24 19/09/1987
River 03:10 19/09/1987
Evening Falls... 03:46 19/09/1987
Orinoco Flow 04:25 19/09/1987
Miss Clare Remembers 01:59 19/09/1987
Exile 04:20 19/09/1987
Storms in Africa 04:03 19/09/1987
Storms in Africa, Pt. 2 03:01 19/09/1987
The Celts 02:50 1987
Epona 01:36 1987
Fairytale 03:03 1987
To Go Beyond, Pt. 1 01:20 1987
The Sun in the Stream 02:55 1987
Dan y Dŵr 01:41 1987
Deireadh an Tuath 01:43 1987
Bard Dance 01:23 1987
March of the Celts 03:10 1987
Boadicea 03:30 1987
I Want Tomorrow 04:02 1987
Portrait 01:23 1987
Aldebaran 03:05 1987
Triad: St. Patrick / Cú Chulainn / Oisin 04:25 1987

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  Sources

Whole or part of the information contained in this card come from the Wikipedia article "Enya", licensed under CC-BY-SA full list of contributors here.